### What do you just mean by vector multiplication?

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**What do you just mean by vector multiplication?**

A vector is an element of a vector space in mathematics and physics. Historically, before the formalization of the vector space idea, vectors have been introduced in geometry and physics (usually mechanics). Therefore, vectors are commonly discussed without defining a vector space. In the Euclidean space, specifically, one examines space vectors, also known as Euclidean ones, which are used to express both magnitude and direction variables, and may be added, subtracted, and scaled to produce a vector space (i.e., multiply by real numbers).

In simple word, a vector is a two-dimensional entity with a magnitude and a direction. We may see a vector as the geometrical line segment whose length is the vector magnitude and a directional arrow. From the tail to the head is the direction of the vector.

There are various kinds of vectors in mathematics and science are often utilized. The following are the different vector types described here.

**Zero vector:** We define a vector as a longitudinal and directional entity. There is, however, one significant exception: the zero vector, i.e., the unique zero length. The zero vector has an indeterminate direction since it has no length and is not pointing in any specific direction.

**Unit vector:** A unit vector in a normed vector space is a vector (usually a spatial vector) of length one in mathematics. A unit vector is usually described by a lowercase letter with a circumflex, or “hat,” as in (pronounced “v-hat”). The term direction vector denotes to a unit vector that is used to express spatial direction; such values are often denoted as d; 2D spatial directions expressed in this manner are numerically identical to points on the unit circle. The same concept is used in 3D to express spatial directions that are comparable to points on the unit sphere.

**Position vector:** A position or position vector, also known as a location vector or radius vector in geometry, is a Euclidean vector that specifies the position of a single point in space in relation to an arbitrary reference origin.

**Co-initial vector:** If both of the given vectors have the same initial point, they are said to be co-initial vectors.

**Displacement vector: **A displacement is a vector in geometry and mechanics whose length is the smallest distance from the beginning to the end location of a moving point P. It measures both the distance and the direction of the net or total motion along a straight line from the point trajectory’s start location to its ending location. The translation that transfers the start position to the end position can be used to identify a displacement.

**Negative of a vector: **A vector’s negative is defined as another vector with the same magnitude but opposite direction. Assume we have a vector A. The vector with the same magnitude as the vector A but opposite in direction to the vector A is referred to as the negative vector of vector A.

**Equal vector: **When two or more vectors have the same length and point in the same direction, they are said to be equal. If two or more vectors are collinear, codirected, and have the same magnitude, they are equivalent. If two vectors are identical, their column vectors must be identical as well. In other words, if the coordinates of two or more vectors are same, they are equivalent. Equal vectors can start and finish at various sites, but their magnitudes and direction must be the same.

**Now, what is vector multiplication? **

A vector is multiplied by one or more vectors or by a scalar quantity in Vector Multiplication.

Vector multiplication in mathematics refers to one of many strategies for multiplying two (or more) vectors with itself. It might be about any of the following articles:

**Dot product:** an operation that accepts two vectors and outputs a scalar number, also known as the “scalar product.” The product of the magnitudes of the two vectors and the cosine of the angle between the two vectors is defined as the dot product of two vectors. It is also defined as the product of the first vector’s projection onto the second vector and the magnitude of the second vector. Thus,

A ⋅ B = |A| |B| cos θ

**Cross product:**The cross product, often known as the “vector product,” is a binary operation performed on two vectors that yields another vector. In 3-space, the cross product of two vectors is defined as the vector perpendicular to the plane defined by the two vectors, the magnitude of which equals the product of the magnitudes of the two vectors and the sine of the angle between the two vectors. As a result, if n̂ is the unit vector perpendicular to the plane defined by vectors A and B, then

A × B = |A| |B| sin θ n̂